In the IELTS exam, the question of negative marking for essays with a word count less than 250 words is a common concern. Based on my experience, it's essential to note that IELTS does not have a specific rule for negative marking based solely on the word count. However, the length of your essay can indirectly impact your score.
The key factor is whether your essay effectively addresses the task, presents a clear and well-developed argument, and uses a range of vocabulary and grammatical structures. If you fall significantly short of the recommended word count, you may struggle to fully develop your ideas and meet the assessment criteria.
I recommend visiting the official IELTS website or contacting the test center directly to get the most accurate and up-to-date information. Additionally, consider practicing writing essays within the recommended word count range during your preparation to ensure you can effectively convey your ideas while meeting the length expectations. Remember, it's not just about quantity but also about the quality of your response.