The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland that is located between the bladder and the rectum in males. It produces part of the fluid that makes up semen. The prostate is important for male fertility and sexual function.
As men age, the prostate can become enlarged. This is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is not cancer, but it can cause urinary problems such as difficulty urinating, frequent urination, and a weak urine stream.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men, but it is also one of the most treatable cancers, especially if it is caught early. Prostate cancer usually has no symptoms in the early stages, so it is important for men to get regular prostate exams.
Here are some things you should know about the prostate:
The prostate is important for male fertility and sexual function. The prostate produces part of the fluid that makes up semen, which helps to nourish and transport sperm.
The prostate can become enlarged as men age. This condition is called BPH and it can cause urinary problems.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. It is usually treatable, especially if it is caught early.
Men should get regular prostate exams to detect prostate cancer early.
There are a number of things you can do to keep your prostate healthy:
Eat a healthy diet. Eating a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help to reduce your risk of prostate cancer.
Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity is a risk factor for prostate cancer.
Exercise regularly. Exercise can help to reduce your risk of prostate cancer and other chronic diseases.
Get regular prostate exams. Men should start getting prostate exams at age 50, or earlier if they have a family history of prostate cancer.